A US court has ordered a woman to pay more than £100,000 in damages for illegally sharing music she had downloaded for free from the Kaaza file-sharing network.
Jammie Thomas, 32, from Minnesota, was ordered to pay around £4,500 for each of the 24 specific songs she shared online.
Thomas could have theoretically faced damages running into the millions, as record companies claimed she was sharing about 1,700 songs.
Record companies have gone after those found to be sharing the free music they have downloaded, not those that have simply downloaded it.
The strategy is aimed at killing off the big file-sharing networks that allow copyrighted content on their systems - if no one is sharing anything worthwhile there is no point in using them, the theory goes.
Thomas had been the first person accused of illegal file-sharing to go to court to fight the case. Many accused of illegal sharing have settled out of court.
So far, around 25,000 lawsuits have been issued by the record companies against alleged illegal file sharers.