The European Union has directed member states to set up battery recycling schemes for businesses and consumers in a move that could raise the price of portable devices.
The new rules order public collection points to be set up where both consumers and businesses can take used batteries for safe disposal or recycling.
Both device manufacturers and the battery makers will be expected to pay for the recycling schemes, and the costs may be passed on to purchasers.
The EU aims to recycle 25% of all batteries within four years of schemes being set up, rising to 45% within eight years.
At least 50% of all collected batteries have to be recycled. In addition, 75% of those containing cadmium have to be recycled, and 65% of those containing lead.
The legislation affects device manufacturers as well as battery makers. Devices will have to have easy-to-remove batteries to help the recycling drive.
Countries including France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden already have battery recycling schemes.
The government now has to enact the EU directive into UK law so that a battery recycling scheme can be set up.