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IBM and the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) will collaborate on creating a DOE Science Grid which links supercomputers in several locations around the USA.
The Science Grid will enable scientists at US national laboratories and universities around the country to perform more complex calculations and computer modelling, and manage and analyse large datasets, IBM said. The Science Grid will eventually have a capacity of 10 trillion calculations per second and storage capacity equivalent to 200 times the number of books in the Library of Congress, IBM said.
Grid computer systems allow organisations to share applications, data and computing resources over the Internet, using protocols provided by the Globus open source community. Typical large-scale projects which require the use of supercomputing grids include global climate, genomic and astrophysics research.
NERSC runs a 3,328-processor IBM supercomputer, which will eventually link via the Internet to supercomputers, data storage and experimental facilities at Lawrence Berkeley, Argonne, Oak Ridge and Pacific Northwest national laboratories.
The Science Grid will make extensive use of open-source software, including the Linux operating system and Globus. The Globus toolkit includes grid computing tools and libraries for security, communication, information infrastructure, fault detection, resource management portability and data management.
A core group of NERSC's 2,100 users will be able to begin accessing resources via the DOE Science Grid by the end of the year.