The Global Forum for Law Enforcement and National Security will bring representatives of up to 190 countries together to try put the risks posed by new technology on the political agenda.
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The forum, backed by former Soviet Union president Mikhail Gorbachev, and former Liberal Democrat leader Sir Paddy Ashdown, is a response to the impact rapid developments in technology and changes in society are having on national security.
"We want to look at where the knowledge economy is going to drive crime and how companies are going to be able to protect themselves," said forum organiser Robert Hall, former head of analysis at the National Criminal Intelligence Service.
"Criminals are realising the capabilities of the Internet. They are taking advantage of encryption. They are able to conduct victimless crime by defrauding banks and insurance companies of a great deal of money, " Hall added.
Ashdown will unveil details of the forum, which will bring together governments and the private sector, next week.
One of the key themes will be the new risks posed by the world's increasing reliance on computer networks. This has exacerbate the threats posed by cyber-criminals and espionage and information warfare.
The forum will also attempt to reach an international consensus over the diverse approach of different countries to regulating and monitoring e-commerce.