The two companies will work together to deliver joint virtualisation services with Windows Server 2008, to "help customers achieve a flexible and dynamic client computing infrastructure", they said.
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Microsoft and Citrix have previously offered customers systems to deliver Windows-based applications using Citrix Presentation Server running on Terminal Services.
Now the companies plan to co-market new client computing offerings with the next generation of Citrix Presentation Server and the Citrix XenDesktop products, both based on Windows Server 2008 and Windows Optimised Desktop solutions, and managed by Microsoft System Centre.
With these systems, customers "can build an array of flexible, low-cost and manageable client computing options for different types of enterprise users", the firms said.