FedEx also disclosed that it has selected the Microsoft Power PC operating system as the future technology for PowerPad, its next-generation mobile scanner and package-tracking device.
Ken Pasley, FedEx's director of wireless systems development, said the AT&T wireless general packet radio service (GPRS) network "gives us significantly more bandwidth" than the company's private network, and will allow FedEx to expand the types of applications used on tracking devices. The throughput of the GPRS network is roughly 20K to 40K bit/sec., compared with the 19.2K bit/sec. FedEx gets on its private nationwide network. This will allow couriers to send fat files such as digital signatures and could also support voice recognition technology, Pasley said.
Pasley added that the airtime price FedEx negotiated with AT&T Wireless will be about the same as the cost of maintaining the ageing private network. For competitive reasons, Pasley declined to provide details of the pricing he negotiated with AT&T.
FedEx does not have to pay airtime charges for the 20-year-old private wireless network, Pasley said, but the company will have to maintain towers and the network of 750 radio repeaters, devices that send a signal from one tower to another, as well as the wire line networks that hook the wireless network into its systems.
Rod Nelson, chief technology officer at AT&T Wireless, said he views the FedEx deal as a solid endorsement of the capabilities of the company's GPRS network. The network is a high-speed data service built on top of the European-standard-based global system for mobile (GSM) network that AT&T is building as an overlay to its existing time division multiple access (TDMA) network. "FedEx has deep and broad expertise in wireless," Nelson said.
Initially, FedEx intends to use the AT&T Wireless network and capacity to supplement its private network in large metropolitan areas with the resources of the private network redeployed to serve smaller areas, Pasley said.
Ken Dulaney, an analyst at Gartner, said this makes sense "since cellular carriers such as AT&T will equip high-population or well-travelled areas with GSM/GPRS". But carriers will not put towers in rural areas because there's "no money to be made", in those locations, he said. "They will continue to cover with analogue."
Capacity on the AT&T network will only be used to support couriers making pickups and deliveries for the traditional FedEx Express network. It doesn't include airtime for FedEx Ground, the company's home delivery operations, or its over-the-road trucking operations, Pasley said. But, he added, the deal includes options for those operating units.
The AT&T network will be used to support PowerPad, which will use Bluetooth short-range wireless communications to feed data from the handheld computer to phones carried by couriers, which connect to the AT&T Wireless network.
Pasley provided few details on the new PowerPad, saying it is still under development. But he did say that FedEx would like it equipped with voice recognition technology. This could allow a courier to say a simple keyword such as "dispatch" and then be connected with a dispatcher. Symbol Technologies and Motorola are developing prototypes of the PowerPad hardware.