Forty five projects have been awarded a total of 30 million hours on a network of Europe's most powerful supercomputers as part of Europe's Extreme Computing initiative to enhance Europe's competitiveness in science and technology.
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The 45 projects deal with complex, demanding, innovative simulations that would be impossible without the supercomputer network. Projects cover materials science (12), astro sciences (8), engineering (8), life sciences (8), earth sciences (4), plasma physics (3), and informatics (2). Scientists from 14 European countries plus Canada, US, Brazil, Chile and Israel will work on them.
An earlier project modelled membrane-mediated interactions to show that curvy membranes make proteins attractive.
Europe's high-performance computing infrastructure Deisa (Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications) consists of leading national supercomputers interconnected with a 10 Gbps point-to-point network provided by GEANT, Europe's dedicated network for R&D, and the national research networks. Selected middleware allows the deployment and operation of services that enable high performance distributed computing.
Networking supercomputers not only allows them to tackle bigger problems. Going from a 16-processor machine to a 1024-processor complex cuts the time to solve the equations from seven years to 40 days. It also extends the useful life of individual machines, which declines relatively by 90% in five years according to Moore's Law.