The haziness that surrounds cloud computing adoption appears to be clearing up, as India Inc finally seems to be accepting the idea, according to a Springboard Research survey unveiled at Cloud 2010. The report suggests that around 42% of Indian organizations use or plan to adopt cloud computing at the moment. Interestingly, as recently as 12 months ago, only 18% of Indian organizations were interested in cloud computing adoption as per the report.
The main reasons cited for the increased cloud computing adoption are:
1. Efficient allocation of resources by specialists.
2. Resource pooling and distribution increasing accessibility.
3. Empowerment to focus on core competencies.
In India, increase in IT budgets (despite the recession) and government stimulus has given significant traction to the adoption of cloud computing services. Under-utilization of IT resources is another reason for the rise in cloud computing adoption. According to the survey which was conducted in May, awareness about cloud computing is in the range of 85% among Indian businesses. The report suggests that this could be because of the different cloud computing vendors who recently ventured into India.
The top cloud computing adoption drivers that came out of the survey were scalability on demand to meet business needs, reduced hardware infrastructure, and the ability to pay per use. Public cloud is currently the preferred choice, with 21% of organizations opting to go for it or are already using it. 59% of the respondents said they are not aware of what cloud model to go for. Though there is a higher level of comfort in a private cloud, moving forward the hybrid model is seen as the better way for cloud computing adoption.
The areas in which cloud computing adoption is currently leveraged among Indian organizations are 36% for enterprise-class applications, 31% for storage, 24% for servers, 13% for DR, 15% for security and 13% for excess CPUs. Organizations somehow seem to separate cloud computing adoption from the usual technology buying trend, and are considering it more strategic in nature. CIOs and CEOs—and not IT managers—top the list of the most eligible decision makers.
An interesting part of the survey is about the perceived cloud computing leaders in India. Of the respondents, 33% perceived IBM to be the leader, followed by Google (20%), Salesforce (9%), Oracle (4%), Microsoft (3%), HP (3%), and Amazon (3%). Google's leadership perception could be because of the size of the enterprise application.
Despite being aware of the benefits of cloud computing adoption, challenges also loom large as per the report—with security as the greatest concern. Security concerns largely seem to focus on regulatory compliance and unauthorized access. Another challenge for cloud computing adoption is that of integration, including local or remote integration scenarios. The trust factor plays an important role when it comes to performance management and monitoring to ensure compliance with SLAs. It clearly came out that cloud computing will not replace on-premise deployments due to the above concerns, and that there are only certain scenarios wherein its adoption makes sense.