Labour is to call for a crackdown on cyber crime related to child pornography and terrorism.
In a speech in London on Monday, shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper (pictured) will say tougher action is needed to tackle growing online crime and abuse, reports the BBC.
She is expected to say that in the face of the use of online communications by criminals and extremists, UK police, intelligence and security agencies need to operate more effectively in the digital world.
Labour believes the government is “burying its head in the sand” and hoping these issues will go away.
However, the party is also calling for stronger safeguards and limits to protect privacy.
Cooper is expected to say oversight and legal frameworks are out of date, and call for major reforms to oversight and a thorough review of the legal framework to keep up with changing technology.
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"Above all we need the government to engage in a serious public debate about these new challenges and the reforms that are needed," she will say.
Cooper is expected to highlight the fact that former NSA contractor Edward Snowden has to date leaked 58,000 UK intelligence documents, raising concern about the scale of activity of intelligence agencies.
In the wake of the murder of the soldier Lee Rigby, Cooper will say police and security services have been under pressure to explain why they did not know more about his murderers, and why more is not being done to disrupt the use of the internet by violent extremists looking to radicalise young people.
Labour’s call for action comes 9 months after government was forced to shelve new measures on data monitoring in the controversial draft Communications Data Bill – dubbed "the Snoopers’ Charter".
The Communications Data Bill was aimed at making it easier for security and police services to spy on emails, phone calls and internet activity, but was blocked by the Liberal Democrats.
But despite withdrawing the bill, the government said in the Queen’s Speech last May that it was committed to ensuring law enforcement and intelligence agencies had the powers they need to protect the public and ensure national security.