Only 5% of companies have a cloud computing strategy, and just 20% have the resources internally to develop one, according to a survey by outsourcing advisory company TPI.
Developing a plan to take advantage of cloud computing ought to become a top priority for companies next year, said Kevin Smilie, partner at TPI.
However, Mette Ahorlu, research director at analyst firm IDC, said the number of companies using the cloud is much higher than 5%.
"The key here is that the TPI survey is referring to the implementation of a strategy. While many companies may not have worked out a plan for using the cloud going forward, they may still be using cloud-based services," she said.
According to a survey carried out by IDC, nearly 40% of 700 European enterprises said they use cloud in one or more areas in March 2010.
Ahorlu said that in the next year more companies will be deploying a cloud strategy. "Already when companies outsource, three out of four ask for cloud as part of the package."
Perceived security risks remain an obstacle for companies deploying the cloud, said Ahorlu. "When companies get more experienced with it they will develop a strategy."
Ahorlu said that it will take around 15 years before the vast majority of companies move into the public cloud, by which time 75% of companies' IT functions will be deployed on this platform.
According to IDC, the market for SaaS, PaaS and IaaS reached $3bn last year in the public cloud and is forecast to grow to almost $14bn in 2010.