The European Parliament's consent to the EU-US trade deal "could be endangered" if blanket mass surveillance by the US National Security Agency (NSA) does not stop, MEPs have warned.
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The text of a resolution wrapping up a six-month inquiry into US mass surveillance schemes also called on the EU to suspend its bank data deal with the US and the Safe Harbour agreement on data privacy.
“The fight against terrorism can never justify secret and illegal mass surveillance,” the resolution said.
The resolution, in which MEPs set out their findings and recommendations to boost EU citizens' privacy, was backed by 544 votes to 78, with 60 abstentions.
"The Snowden revelations gave us a chance to react. I hope we will turn those reactions into something positive and lasting into the next mandate of this parliament – a data protection bill of rights that we can all be proud of," said Civil Liberties inquiry rapporteur Claude Moraes.
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"This is the only international inquiry into mass surveillance. Even Congress in the US has not had an inquiry," he added.
The resolution called for the European Parliament to withhold its consent to the final Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) deal with the US unless it fully respects EU fundamental rights.
This consent “could be endangered as long as blanket mass surveillance activities and the interception of communications in EU institutions and diplomatic representations are not fully stopped”, it said.
MEPs also called for the "immediate suspension" of the Safe Harbour privacy principles – voluntary data protection standards for non-EU companies transferring EU citizens’ personal data to the US.
These principles “do not provide adequate protection for EU citizens” said MEPs, who urged the US to propose new personal data transfer rules that meet EU data protection requirements.
The Terrorist Finance Tracking Programme (TFTP) deal should also be suspended until allegations that US authorities have access to EU citizens’ bank data outside the agreement are clarified, said MEPs.
The text also called for a "European whistle-blower protection programme", which should pay particular attention to the "complexity of whistleblowing in the field of intelligence". EU countries are also asked to consider granting whistleblowers international protection from prosecution.
MEPs said Europe should develop its own clouds and IT solutions, including cyber security and encryption technologies, to ensure a high level of data protection
MEPs recommended that Europe should develop its own clouds and IT solutions, including cyber security and encryption technologies, to ensure a high level of data protection.
Within Europe, the resolution called on the UK, France, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and Poland to clarify the allegations of mass surveillance – including potential agreements between intelligence services and telecoms firms on access to and exchange of personal data and access to transatlantic cables – and their compatibility with EU laws.
Other EU countries, in particular those participating in the "9-eyes" (UK, Denmark, France and the Netherlands) and "14-eyes" arrangements (those countries plus Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain and Sweden), were also urged to review their national laws to ensure that their intelligence services are subject to parliamentary and judicial oversight and that they comply with fundamental rights obligations.
The Civil Liberties Committee inquiry into mass surveillance of EU citizens began in September 2013. A total of 16 hearings have been held since then.