The £5bn Defence Information Infrastructure project - was original plan too ambitious?

Comment and analysis on investigation by Computer Weekly and Channel 4 News on the £5bn Defence Information Infrastructure [DII]

Like the NHS National Programme for IT, the Ministry of Defence’s DII is unarguably a good idea. But it’s a good idea impeded by the practicalities.

Is it really possible to bring together on a single Windows-based infrastructure hundreds of varied systems which operate at different levels of security at hundreds of defence sites at all three services, the army, navy and air force? We have our doubts.

If it all works it could save huge sums being spent on perpetuating a variety of systems. It could also help troops at, or near, the front line where information is presented to them from different systems that don’t always talk to each other.

But £5bn is a lot of money to risk on a project that may or may not work. And disruption at MoD sites may sometimes be too serious to be trivialised as the inevitable result of a new system bedding down.

Evidence seen by Computer Weekly and Channel 4 News, as part of our joint investigation, suggests that the rollout of the DII project to the Infantry Guided Weapons integrated project team is significantly affecting the work they do.

It’s likely these problems will be resolved in time. Or they could be symptomatic of a project that, in its original concept, is too complicated, too ambitious. A great idea doesn’t justify an impractical proposition.

The DII cannot fail completely – 16,000 systems have been delivered. But the plan is for 150,000 standardized terminals to be installed across 2,000 MoD sites worldwide. That looks to us to be a grand hope. It may not be possible given the current difficulties and shortages of money.

Installing new hardware is not always difficult – the big challenge is to migrate data accurately and reliably and run tried and tested systems on the new infrastructure.

This is a huge problem even without the challenges of trying to standardize on applications that work under different security levels. And then there are difficulties such as cabling in barracks, under runways, and in organisations that seem routinely to change shape and size. Roles and locations of thousands of personnel also change often.

In the evidence we have seen, we’ve been struck by the professionalism and commitment of the project teams on both sides: the MoD and the Atlas consortium led by EDS. But are they working on mission impossible?

They will not want to give up on the DII and we don’t think they should. There have attempts to make the scheme simpler, to “de-risk” it by breaking it into three increments, and phases within these. But there’s a danger the “one-size-fits-all” technology could be derided or even avoided by users who may keep their existing systems – thus leaving them with two computers where they had one before.

The assumptions that underlay the award of the Defence Information Infrastructure contract need, in the light of experiences so far, to be tested by an independent, published review, at least to assess unemotionally what is, and what is not, achievable.

We know from our rejected calls for an independent review of the NPfIT that ministers don’t like external, published assessments of major IT programmes because investigators are likely to find things that could embarrass them, such as fundamental weaknesses.

But there’s too much at stake for ministers to put potential embarrassment before concern for the troops who are already under great pressure and the teams that are trying to get a project of labyrinthine complexity on track.


Channel 4 News film on DII project

MoD’s £5bn Defence Information Infrastructure hits major problems

MoD news in October 2007 on the DII

Brown government rejects call for independent review of the business case for the NPfIT

Useful summary of DII by General Dynamics

Announcement of DII increment 1 March 2005