@29998 Evaluate interoperability between the gateway and storage. Not all gateways work with every storage subsystem. This is particularly important if you're connecting to SAN storage. For example, the Bobcat Series NAS gateway from ONStor Inc. supports disk arrays from disk array vendors, including Hitachi Data Systems Inc. (HDS), EMC, IBM and HP. It's important to start by checking the vendor's compatibility matrix, but in-house testing is also strongly encouraged to verify compatibility.
Even NAS gateways have capacity limits. Even though a NAS gateway is intended to use external storage resources, there is still a finite limit that the gateway can address. For example, Hitachi NAS Blades can be clustered to support up to 512 terabytes (TB) per cluster. This isn't a problem for most organizations today, but potential storage limits should always be considered when planning a new gateway deployment.
Remember that some features move to the storage. By moving storage outside of the NAS gateway, remember that some features will be dependent on the storage subsystem(s) being used. For example, an NS700 series NAS gateway from EMC does not provide RAID or disk scrubbing, but the gateway supports Symmetrix and Clariion storage, which does include RAID and disk-scrubbing features. Changing storage platforms may add new features or remove existing features, and this can easily change the way that data is managed through the gateway. Storage administrators must consider how changes to the storage infrastructure will influence NAS capabilities.
Consider the connectivity. With external storage, connectivity is essential to ensure adequate performance across the user base. In most cases, you can expect an array of Ethernet and Fibre Channel (FC) ports. As an example, the StorageTek 5320 NAS gateway from Sun Microsystems Inc. provides four standard 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet ports and two dual-port 2 Gbps FC HBAs, with up to two optional dual-port 10/100/1000 Base-T ports. The IBM N5000 gateway is similar with four full-duplex 10/100/1000 Base-T Ethernet ports and four 2 Gbps FC ports onboard. Connectivity not only supports expansion, but connections can also be used to enable highly available features, such as failover for reliability or port aggregation for improved performance.
Evaluate standard features. Pay close attention to the variety of features that ship standard with the NAS gateway, including clustering, mirroring, replication, reporting, volume management and so on. For example, the IBM N5000 gateway ships with a suite of software features, including FlexVol, snapshot, fast boot, email alerts, NIS, DNS, SNMP, FilerView, NDMP, LDAP and AutoSupport. In addition, a gateway should support the network protocols of any applications that will be using NAS storage, so consider the support for network protocols, such as CIFS, FTP, HTTP and others.
Evaluate optional features and licenses. Don't just assume that every function and protocol is supported as a standard feature. There are often many features available as options that can inflate both the initial and ongoing costs of a NAS gateway. Examples of optional software features might include mirroring, restoration, cloning and management tools. Even network protocols, like NFS, CIFS, HTTP and FCP, are considered optional on the IBM N5000 gateway, along with their FlexClone, MultiStore, Clustered Failover (CFO), SnapMirror, SnapRestore, SnapVault, SyncMirror, SnapValidator, SnapDrive for Windows, SnapDrive for UNIX, Single Mailbox Recovery for Exchange, SnapManager for Exchange, SnapManager for SQL, SnapManager for Oracle, Operations Manager, SnapLock Enterprise and LockVault Enterprise software.Options and licenses can dramatically increase the gateway's TCO.
Consider the impact of virtualization. Virtual server capability allows NAS gateways to appear on the LAN as a complete NAS device with a unique identity, IP address and security authentication. This allows NAS gateways to be relocated, maintained and scaled without disruptions and data migrations. Storage virtualization allows capacity to be added and configured as necessary, while eliminating wasted (unused) storage space. Gateways, like the ONStor Bobcat, tout support for both types of virtualization.
The NAS gateway product specifications page in this chapter covers the following products: