IT departments will need to ramp up skills in developing for the cloud, to support mobile apps that make use of back-end services.
According to Gartner, by 2016, 40% of mobile application development projects will leverage cloud back-end services.
Gartner defines cloud mobile back-end services as "a specialised form of platform as a service (PaaS) to support mobile application development".
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These cloud services provide the back-end capabilities commonly required by mobile applications, such as user management, data storage, push notifications and social network integration. In addition, some cloud mobile back-end services allow developers to deploy server-side code.
"Cloud mobile back-end services stand to become a key component of the application development ecosystem," said Gordon Van Huizen, research director at Gartner.
According to Gartner, a significant amount of enterprise application development takes place outside the scope of IT in the form of business unit application development, end-user application development and development outsourced by business units to third parties.
Historically, most mobile application development not performed by IT was outsourced.
Van Huizen added: "The advent of more sophisticated rapid mobile application development environments, the availability of cloud services and increased access to enterprise systems will expand the potential for non-IT developers to build applications that commingle sensitive corporate data with cloud-based services and storage.
"It is, therefore, necessary to extend awareness of the issues to the broader organisation, as well as the organisation's policies for cloud services, so that mobile applications built outside IT are subject to the same oversight and governance as those built within IT."