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The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS), the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and the Ministry of Defence (MoD) appear to be at odds over the potential threat to the UK’s network infrastructure posed by the continued use of Huawei equipment, and are struggling to reach a consensus ahead of the publication of the Telecoms Supply Chain Review in the next couple of months.
This is according to Norman Lamb, member of parliament and chair of the cross-bench Science and Technology Committee, who wrote to a number of government departments earlier in 2019 seeking assurances regarding the security of the UK’s critical national network infrastructure.
Lamb has now made public a letter received at the beginning of March from culture secretary Jeremy Wright, in which he set out DCMS’ position.
In the letter, which can be read in full online, Wright said it was important that the government had confidence in the security and resilience of the UK’s critical infrastructure, but pointed out that procurement decisions were driven by private telecoms companies DCMS cannot direct.
Wright said the FCO was working to “understand the views and positions of international partners” when it came to setting the UK’s future position on Huawei – a reference to US secretary of state Mike Pompeo, who has made a number of comments suggesting the UK’s use of Huawei equipment may jeopardise aspects of Westminster’s relationship with Washington.
Findings to be carefully considered
He went on to outline the work conducted through the Huawei Cyber Security Evaluation Centre (HCSEC) and the associated Oversight Board, and said the findings of the Oversight Board would be carefully considered in the review.
“We have serious concerns surrounding the ability of both state and non-state actors to chain access to our telecoms’ critical national infrastructure,” wrote Wright. “We are closely examining Huawei’s role and that of other suppliers in our 5G networks, and will also take account of the approaches taken by our international partners.
“The recent attribution of state-sponsored malicious cyber activity to the Chinese Ministry of State Security reiterates the importance of our continued vigilance in this area.”
Lamb responded: “The response we have received from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport has shed very little light on the extent of the potential threat to national security arising from foreign involvement in the UK’s communications infrastructure, or on how the government monitors and manages this risk.
“One thing is clear: there are obvious tensions between the various departments involved, reinforcing the view that the government is struggling to reach a consensus on this issue.
“We hope the government review, due out later this year, will give cohesive assurances on the steps being taken to manage this risk and to establish the scale of our dependence on Huawei, and we urge the government to publish the findings of this review as soon as possible,” Lamb continued.
“As I have previously stated, my committee’s actions will be driven by evidence and thorough analysis, but it remains vital for our national interest that these issues are considered carefully, fully and swiftly.”
Carrier business group president
At the same time, he pressed Huawei’s carrier business group president Ryan Ding over the firm’s actions in the UK – Ding insisted the firm had never, was not now, and never would aid and abet the activities of the Chinese intelligence services in Britain.
“Huawei has never and will never use UK-based hardware, software or information gathered in the UK, or anywhere else globally, to assist other countries in gathering intelligence,” wrote Huawei’s Ding in his response to Lamb's letter. “We would not do this in any country.
“Huawei is a closely watched company. We have 180,000 employees and tens of thousands of partners, and we are subject to extensive regulatory oversight in numerous countries around the globe.
“Were Huawei ever to engage in malicious behaviour, it would not go unnoticed and it would certainly destroy our business,” he said.
In recent weeks, national network builder Openreach and mobile operator Vodafone have both defended their use of Huawei, with Vodafone’s general counsel Helen Lamprell challenging the firm’s detractors to produce any evidence it’s a bad actor.
Speaking exclusively to Computer Weekly earlier in March, Openreach chairman Mike McTighe expressed a certain amount of disappointment with Huawei, but said he had confidence the firm was responding to the concerns.
“It’s disappointing that we still have a situation where Huawei can’t guarantee the code that they test [at HCSEC] is the code that’s out there in the kit,” said McTighe.
“I have had a number of engagements at senior level with Huawei and I think they probably saw the importance of this a little later than they should have, but I do think they are responding to it now.”
Openreach currently uses Huawei optical network terminals (ONTs) and optical line terminals (OLTs) – effectively the two ends of the fibre cable in customer homes and exchanges – but McTighe said he had pushed to have second sources of this equipment available.
“If we want to be part of the global supply chain that exists today, we have to accept that China is a really effective source of some products and services and technologies, and we just need to be sensible in how we deal with that,” said McTighe.
Read more about the Huawei affair
- Vodafone’s CTO and general counsel have defended their use of Huawei equipment in their mobile network and challenged its detractors to show them evidence of wrongdoing.
- Huawei has filed a lawsuit accusing Washington of violating the US Constitution by banning it from government contracts.
- US secretary of state Mike Pompeo has reinforced his attacks on Huawei as the firm apparently prepares to sue the US government over its federal-level ban.
- US secretary of state Mike Pompeo has said America may scale back or cut military and diplomatic ties with countries that use Huawei equipment in national 5G networks.
- NCSC CEO uses cyber security conference in Brussels to set out his agency’s position on Brexit, 5G security, Huawei, market incentives and international cooperation on active cyber defence.
- A think tank report has branded the UK government naïve at best, irresponsible at worst, over its use of Chinese networking equipment in critical national infrastructure.
- Huawei CEO Ren Zhengfei has taken a more combative stance in the ongoing row over the firm’s alleged links to the Chinese intelligence services.
- The UK’s National Cyber Security Centre suggests Huawei will be allowed to form core elements of the country’s 5G mobile network infrastructure after all.
- Huawei’s Ryan Ding tells the British government that the company has never, and will never, use its technology to assist the Chinese intelligence services.
- Malaysia has become the latest country to look into the security concerns surrounding Huawei, which has been accused by mostly western powers of conducting corporate espionage.
- Vodafone’s UK CEO has said the operator will “pause” its use of Huawei hardware for the foreseeable future.
- The chair of the cross-bench Science and Technology Committee has written to Huawei seeking answers over its activities in the UK.
- Huawei’s rotating chairman Guo Ping outlines the firm’s priorities to optimise its product portfolio, empower employees and build a more resilient business structure.
- While the number of countries with Huawei bans in place grows and more issue warnings, a German investigation found no evidence of spying to support the fear.
- The Chinese government has called for the release of Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou, who was detained in Canada at the weekend.
- BT will remove Huawei’s networking equipment from the core of EE’s 4G mobile network.