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Early plans for the Universal Credit welfare reform programme show the government originally expected to complete the whole project in only two years.
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The initiative – launched in 2011 – has since been heavily re-scoped and rescheduled after major problems were revealed in 2013, and is now likely to be fully in place by 2019. But a draft programme plan dated 13 April 2012 (see diagram, below) – released last month under the Freedom of Information (FOI) Act, targeted a “go-live” date of 28 October 2013.
The schedule aimed to complete the Pathfinder trials to test the system by 1 October 2013 – the Pathfinder stage of the programme is still underway now.
The 2012 programme plan was finally disclosed after a lengthy legal case in which the DWP repeatedly attempted to prevent the release of the document under FOI. Three other project documents from the early stages of Universal Credit are also being considered in the ongoing court case, including the risk register and an external project assessment review.
In a tribunal judgement on 20 July 2015, judge Edward Jacobs revealed some information about the content of the disputed documents for the first time.
“The Risk Register lists problems that might happen and action taken to prevent them. It is a long document, running to 100 pages, with analysis of each of the potential problems. The Issues Register lists problems that have happened together with action being taken to resolve them. It is a short document with only seven entries,” said Jacobs in his published findings.
“The Project Assessment Review differs from the other documents. Unlike them, it is not compiled by the project team, but is an assessment of progress from the outside. It sets out the findings of the review team together with areas of concern and recommendations. It consists of 30 pages.”
John Slater, the independent IT programme and project manager who submitted the FOI request to DWP, said even these brief remarks from the judge suggest how badly the Universal Credit project was run in its early years.
“It simply isn’t conceivable that a programme the size and complexity of Universal Credit would only have seven issues if it was being run properly. At such an early stage of the programme and using a new agile approach I would have expected the number of issues to be comfortably over 100,” he said.
“It is harder to judge the risk register as I don’t know if it is one risk per page or a single risk spreads over multiple pages. At such an early stage in the programme I would have thought just the five areas shown on the milestone schedule would have generated well over 100 risks.”
Universal Credit suffers setbacks
The Universal Credit programme was “reset” in 2013 by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) after a review by the government’s Major Projects Authority (MPA) showed serious failings. A report by the National Audit Office later that year revealed that £34m of IT work had already been written off, with question marks over a further £140m spent.
Since then, the lifetime costs of the programme have increased from £12.85bn in 2012 to the latest estimate of £15.8bn – although the DWP insists this was due to accounting changes. The Public Accounts Committee last year claimed that hundreds of millions of pounds more of previous IT work could yet be scrapped.
Read more about Universal Credit IT
- The trial for the digital service to support the controversial Universal Credit welfare reform programme has been expanded to two new areas in Sutton and Croydon.
- The Department for Work and Pensions has spent £700m on Universal Credit so far, but has yet to convince MPs it is value for money.
- Despite DWP secretary Iain Duncan Smith's robust defence of his flagship welfare reform policy, Universal Credit, evidence of the IT risks involved continue to mount.
National roll-out of Universal Credit finally started in February 2015 – but only for the simplest of new benefit claims. Only a small area in south London has seen the DWP roll the service out to all types of claimant to test the new digital service that will eventually replace the system used for the national roll-out.
The final deadline for full implementation has been put back several times. Millions of claimants will have to be migrated onto new systems over a two-year period up to 2017 - and even then, migration of tax credits has been further delayed until 2019.
A DWP spokesman said: "This document was created before the Universal Credit programme was reset and new plans were developed. Universal Credit is one of the most radical redesigns of the welfare system this country has ever seen and it is currently running smoothly in over 50% of Jobcentres across the country with an average of 6,500 claims a week.”