So what will 2014 hold for cyber security professionals? Will it be something new or more of the old? The answer is bit of both. We have all reached a crossroads in the way we manage security. Some CSOs will soldier on ahead - with diminishing effectiveness - while others will others will benefit from taking a fresh direction. Here are my forecasts for the state of security in 2014.
Escape from monoculture
New security technologies will provide a greater choice of defensive options. I've reported before on the danger of security 'monoculture', i.e. we have all been implementing identical security defences, providing attackers with a simple testing platform for attacks. New products that detect malware through behaviour and characteristics other than traditional signature scanning will present a new challenge for attackers.
A new generation of attacks
Forward-looking security professionals have been wondering what comes next after Stuxnet et al. That code was developed many years ago. The next generation of attacks will inevitably be richer, more sophisticated and even stealthier. There are enough political, commercial and criminal motives to encourage further attacks, so we can expect to see some spectacular threats - if we can detect them. They may already be amongst us.
A backlash against security standards
Wherever I go in the world I find a huge percentage of security managers who believe that security has failed, and the major culprit is compliance along with the bureaucratic standards it promotes. I've been saying this for years but lately I detect that governments and regulators are beginning to see the light. Compliance cannot go away. In fact it's likely to become even stronger. There will however be a rethink of the standards we need to achieve effective security. But don't expect an early solution.
Improving strategic crisis response
Crisis management has been a long-standing weakness in all enterprises, for both business and security crises, especially at the strategic level which aims to safeguard the intellectual assets of the organisation. The growth in major incidents, CERTs, SOCs and SIEM tools has all helped to raise awareness of the need for better crisis management. It will be a long journey. But it's a healthy sign that enterprises are finally looking beyond simple incident management processes and business continuity plans.
Cyber skills gap grows
We all know there's a shortage of high-end cyber skills. Ask anyone that runs a security testing company. It's because skills such as high-speed reverse-engineering require a special kind of person. Training courses can't fix this problem, especially those that teach ancient security rituals. People with special skills can't be mass produced. They have to be sought out. And that's a more difficult challenge.
No change at NSA
Don't expect any major changes in the operations at NSA, despite continuing Snowden revelations. The weakness is primarily with visible oversight and public presentation of policy, rather than day-to-day operations. The reality is that you we have to gather large amounts of intelligence to prevent terrorist incidents. And that threat has not diminished. There is no evidence of widespread misuse of the data gathered. Admittedly there is a theoretical possibility of a future dictator abusing the power. But that's arguably a lower risk than the threat of terrorists gaining access to weapons of mass destruction.
And on that controversial note I'll wish everybody Seasons Greeting.